Caught-in hAZARDS

What are the Risk Factors?

  • Machinery with unguarded moving parts.
  • Buried-in or cave-ins of unprotected trenches and excavations.
  • Becoming pinned between machinery, worksite elements, etc.

Injury Prevention Strategies for Construction Caught-in-Between Hazards

  1. Identify a competent person to inspect trenching operations. He/she should be capable of identifying any hazard and authorized to eliminate the hazard.
  2. Ensure excavations and trenches that are five feet deep or more--and less than 20 feet--are protected by sloping/benching, a trench box or shield, or by shoring.
  3. Ensure there is adequate means of access and egress from excavation.
  4. If an excavation is more than 20 feet deep, the services of a professional engineer are required to design a protection worker system.

Resources and Training Guides

OSHA Construction E-Tool: Trenching and Evacuation https://www.osha.gov/SLTC/etools/construction/trenching/mainpage.html

Caught-in-Between Hazards https://www.osha.gov/dte/grant_materials/fy07/sh-16586-07/3_caughtinbetween_hazards_participant_guide.pdf

Training Guide: Caught-in Hazards Module https://www.osha.gov/dte/grant_materials/fy08/sh-17792-08/caught_in_english_r6.pdf