What Are the Risk Factors?
- Unprotected sides, wall openings and floor holes
- Improper Scaffold Construction
- Unguarded protruding steel rebar
- Misuse of portable ladders
Injury Prevention Strategies for Construction Fall Hazards
- Whenever employees are exposed to six feet or more above a lower level, use a Guardrail System, Safety Net System or Personal Fall Arrest System.
- Cover or guard any floor holes.
- Install Guardrail Systems along all open sides and ends of platforms.
- Provide safe access to scaffold platforms.
- Do not climb cross-bracing as a means of access.
- Guard all protruding ends of steel rebar with rebar caps or wood troughs. You may also bend rebar so the exposed ends are no longer upright.
- Position any portable ladder so the side rails extend at least three feet above the landing.
- Make sure the weight on the ladder will not cause the ladder to slip off its support.
- Before each use, inspect ladders for cracked or broken parts such as rungs, step, side rails, feet and locking components.
Resources and Training Guides
Prevention Videos: Construction Hazardshttps://www.osha.gov/dts/vtools/construction.html
OSHA Fall Protection in Constructionhttps://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3146.pdf
OSHA Fact Sheet – Scaffold Safetyhttps://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3722.pdf
OSHA Training Resources by Industryhttps://www.osha.gov/dte/grant_materials/material_listing_topic.html
Ladder Safety Traininghttp://www.laddersafetytraining.org/