Fall Hazards

What Are the Risk Factors?

  • Unprotected sides, wall openings and floor holes
  • Improper Scaffold Construction
  • Unguarded protruding steel rebar
  • Misuse of portable ladders

Injury Prevention Strategies for Construction Fall Hazards

  1. Whenever employees are exposed to six feet or more above a lower level, use a Guardrail System, Safety Net System or Personal Fall Arrest System.
  2. Cover or guard any floor holes.
  3. Install Guardrail Systems along all open sides and ends of platforms.
  4. Provide safe access to scaffold platforms.
  5. Do not climb cross-bracing as a means of access.
  6. Guard all protruding ends of steel rebar with rebar caps or wood troughs. You may also bend rebar so the exposed ends are no longer upright.
  7. Position any portable ladder so the side rails extend at least three feet above the landing.
  8. Make sure the weight on the ladder will not cause the ladder to slip off its support.
  9. Before each use, inspect ladders for cracked or broken parts such as rungs, step, side rails, feet and locking components.

Resources and Training Guides

Prevention Videos: Construction Hazardshttps://www.osha.gov/dts/vtools/construction.html

OSHA Fall Protection in Constructionhttps://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3146.pdf

OSHA Fact Sheet – Scaffold Safetyhttps://www.osha.gov/Publications/OSHA3722.pdf

OSHA Training Resources by Industryhttps://www.osha.gov/dte/grant_materials/material_listing_topic.html

Ladder Safety Traininghttp://www.laddersafetytraining.org/